THE ARZAWA LANDS . THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF IZMIR AND ITS ENVIRONS DURING LATE BRONZE AGE IN THE LIGHT OF NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Recep MERİÇ

Özet


The core of Arzawa (Arzawa Minor) before Mursili II is defined as the maritime Ephesos/Apasa region extending from Mount Arinnanda (Mycale) to Lebedos (Hittite Lipa?), including the inland settlement Puranda (Bademgediği Tepe). Cayster river basin and northern foothills of Mountain (Mt.) Tmolos from Karabel pass to the east seemed to constitute the land of Mira which had a legitimate vassal kingdom after Mursili II and incorporated into Arzawa Minor.

                Considering the northern foothills of Mt. Tmolos belonging to Mira we have then an important clue to locate the cities of Arsani, Sarawa, Impa and Hapanuwa which were fortified and garrisoned by Mursili II on his way from Seha River land back to Mira, following a route from west to east. This was plausibly the same geographic order for the cities of Mira i.e., Arsani - Sarawa - Impa - Hapanuwa written in the texts. If my proposal Sarawa > *Swar > Sfarλ > Sfarda > Sardis is correct we may localize these cities of Mira[1] with some certainity. Recently discovered Late Bronze Age (LBA) pottery at Sardis might also shed light. Arsani might be located in the west of Sarawa. LBA mound of Gavurtepe (Alaşehir) in the east of Sardis (Sarawa), would be then presumably identified as Impa (Gavurtepe Alaşehir). Hapanuwa is mentioned as the last city which might be related with Hypaipa located in the Cayster valley.

 New evidence for revising the boundaries of Kuwaliya provided the site for Elmacık near Uşak. The classical site of Caualia/Cabalia located at Elmacık is related to Kuwaliya. A prehistoric mound with LBA pottery discovered at Elmacık is a hint that the area between Elmacık, Banaz and Akarçay (Astarpa) constituted the upper part of Kuwaliya adjacent partly to the Siyanta River land in the north.

Finally we have new additions for “the web of interlocking locations[2]” defining the historical geography of Central West Anatolia during LBA. Arzawa Minor: Arinnanda, Mycale, Apasa-Ephesos, Lipa?-Lebedos, Puranda-Bademgediği Tepe. Mira: Karabel pass, Karakuyu stele, Arsani-?, Sarawa-Sardis, Impa-Gavurtepe (Alaşehir), Hapanuwa-Hypaipa (Ödemiş). Kuwaliya: Caualia (Elmacık near Uşak).


[1] see supra n. ???.

[2] Hawkins 2020: 342.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Arzawa/Mira; Late Bronze Age; Mursili II; Seha River land; Kuwaliya

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22520/tubaar2020.27.009

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