Köşk Höyük: Anadolu Arkeolojisine Yeni Katkılar

Aliye ÖZTAN

Özet


Excavations at Köşk Höyük have produced important informations about the Central Anatolian Prehistoric period. The Architecture is predominantly Anatolian in plan and material, and evidence from Köşk Höyük has contributed to an understanding of metallurgy from the period: small pieces of copper ore, found in front of an oven in level I, were processed into small pieces but were probably deemed unworthy for further processing or smelting. Besides the Anatolian type of the burial practices at the site, the discovery of plastered skulls, characteristic of Near Eastern Aceramic Neolithic, makes Köşk Höyük unique. Pottery is monochrome or painted, some bearing relief or incised decoration. The vessels with relief decoration, which form an important group among the finds, were produced by local potters. Relief decoration was used to render natural representations of local fauna, which must have been considered sacred. Material culture dating to the transitional period between the Late Neolithic to the Chalcolithic Period (end of 6th millennium, beginning of the 5th millennium BC), has helped to shed light on a period known from only a few settlements.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22520/tubaar.2002.0004

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