Hitit Kralı III.Hattusili ile Kraliçe Puduhepa'nın Gümüş Tablet Üzerindeki Mühürleri

Sedat ALP, Sedat ERKUT


During the second millenium B.C. there was a fierce competition between two great powers of Ancient History, the Hittite Empire and the Egyptian Kingdom to gain influence over the small commercial state at the Eastern Mediterranean coast. The competition between these two powers led to the battle of Kadesh on the Orontes River, south of Syria. Since the battle was inconclusive, competition between these two states lasted for a further fifteen yeais. until both sides realized that there was no other option than to conclude a mutual piece treaty.

We learn from a letter of Ramses II to Hattusili III that the first step towards the conclusion of a treaty came from Hattusili III. Hattusili's advisers prepared a silver tablet with the text of the treaty on it in Akkadian, a diplomatic language of the second millenium B.C. Hattusili sent it to Ramses II for approval and asked him to also prepare a silver tablet with the text of the treaty and to send it back to him. The exchange of both silver tablets marked the conclusion of the treaty. Hattusili III and his advisers thus have the honor of having prepared the first international treaty between two major powers of Ancient History. Today, a photograph of the tablet of this first international treaty is displayed in one of galleries of the United Nations in New York. Ramses II must have thought that the conclusion of the treaty marked a high point of his foreign policy. He ordered his officials to prepare a translation of the treaty to the Egyptian language, and he inscribed the Egyptian text of the treaty on the monuments of Karnak and Ramasseum.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22520/tubaar.2002.0001


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